Improved Solid Waste Management and Health Services in Ezbet Allam – El Khosous City – Qalyubeya Governorate
The project, which is funded by the EU and GIZ Participatory Development Program, comprises a number of inter-related and mutually supporting interventions that aim at improving living conditions of the urban poor residing in Ezbet Allam-El Khoussous City in Egypt, especially for youth and women. The action embodies interventions to improve solid waste management (SWM) service by augmenting the capacity of local authorities with additional equipment that will increase collection and disposal efficiency and frequency. In the same vein, the project supported the increase involvement of the civil society organizations (CSOs) in environmental service delivery, a feature of good local governance. The project helped to enhance efficiency and effectiveness of the SWM service inside and outside the target area. The project also carried out clean up and tree planting campaigns in the project area. It supported the establishment of a clinic in the area, and involved the civil society in the management of the clinic.
A well-tuned awareness raising campaign was launched to build people’s environmental consciousness, to inform them of the impacts of their indiscriminate waste disposal practices and to broaden their understanding of their responsibilities.
Since women are very important stakeholders in SWM as they are primarily responsible for the family hygiene and household waste management on a day-to-day basis which directly affects the health of the community, special attention was given to reaching out to women’s groups and their awareness was raised to a great extent. This effort made sure that community members understood the solid waste issues, that this understanding reached their consciousness and that they were sensitized to their roles and responsibilities.
Awareness-building lectures were given to schoolchildren. The clean up and tree planting campaigns were implemented to grab their attention and develop a comprehensive understanding and sense of responsibility. This not only created awareness within the new generation, leaders of the future, but also indirectly increased parents’ awareness of the solid waste issues.
Sustainable Investments in Solid and Agricultural Waste in Fayoum and Minya (SISAW)
SISAW is an innovative initiative, funded by the EU Joint Rural Development Program and the Italian Cooperation, with the aim to contribute foster local/rural solid and agricultural waste governance action and investments, targeting Middle-Upper Egypt, where Fayoum and Minya ecosystems are facing significant natural resources degradation and pollution, mainly with amounts of uncollected and untreated waste.
Therefrom, and highly inspired by Egypt change agenda, SISAW focus, through the initiative overall objective, to enhance Fayoum and Minya rural population wellbeing through sustainable territorial resources governance and socio-economic development based on innovative participatory Solid Waste Management process. As such, waste management and investments will perform as drivers for social cohesion and economic growth. The action will strengthen and invest in the capacity of rural Minya and Fayoum stakeholders and dwellers to actively participate in waste governance scheme and related dialogue.
SISAW intervention aims to build up rural Minya and Fayoum dwellers social, environmental and economic wellbeing based on effective natural resources governance. More specifically, the action intends to create Income Generation Activities and promote employment by improving Solid and Agricultural Waste Management practices and services in target poor communities. Waste entrepreneurship will be enhanced, through Capacity Building and in-kind small and medium size Waste Management instruments. Waste infrastructure improvement will be a driver for related Income Generation Action creation, offering an alternative business opportunities based on coherent waste entrepreneurship environment.
Project activities are complementary and are implemented following related work packages: i) capacity building, including training courses, monitoring and technical assistance, which is meant to tackle stakeholders and local communities skills scale-up needs to achieve better awareness on waste governance, clean technology use and waste entrepreneurship boosting, leading to outputs achievement, ownership and hence sustainable project impact and potential scale-up. ii) the waste start-ups which intend to empower local male and female entrepreneurs and equip 30 of them with small and medium size waste collection, sorting and recycling devices according to their capacities and will power.
Solid and Agricultural Waste infrastructure will be improved with 2 installations, that of Solid Waste Compacting Unit COU in Fayoum and that of Agricultural Waste Compost Unit CU in Minya.
Good Agricultural Practices on Geographic Indication (GI) for Sustainable Production and Increased Marketing Competence to Enhance Rural Livelihood in Matrouh
A Geographical Indication is a distinctive sign used to identify a product as originating in the territory of a particular country, region or locality where its quality, reputation or other characteristics are linked to its geographical origin. To sustain quality and reputation, a set of good agricultural practices must be in place and a code of practice developed.
The overall objective of the initiative, which is funded by the EU Joint Rural Development Program and the Italian Cooperation, is to increase sustainability and marketing opportunities of agricultural products in Matrouh by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) on Geographic Indication (GI) and improve livelihood of the rural communities. The specific objectives of the action are to scale up Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) on Geographic Indication (GI), and to improve the quality and value of Matrouh agricultural products and increase their marketing competence.
Hence, the impact that will be achieved in Matrouh is ‘increased sustainability and marketing opportunities of agricultural products in Matrouh by adopting GAPs on GI and improved livelihood of the rural communities’. The outcomes will be scaling up of GAPs on GI and improved quality and value of Matrouh agricultural products and increased marketing competence.
A hands on training capacity building program is conducted to build the capacity of local farmers on good practices for harvesting and post harvesting. Awareness campaigns are tailored on good agricultural practices for GI for men as well as women in Matrouh. Equipment to enhance the production and transportation of products are provided to local associations. The institutional capacity building of government officials was built for GI registration. A marketing plan and a code of practice will be developed.
The expected results of the action are: i) GAPs on GI of Matrouh agricultural products demonstrated and capacity and knowledge are increased of GAPs on GI; ii) GI is registered and code of practice is published; iii) Agricultural and processed products quality improved and value has increased (specifically of figs, olive oil, grapes); iv) Marketing opportunities of Matrouh agricultural products increased.
Food Security Governance of Bedouin Pastoralist Groups in the Mashreq
The “Food Security Governance of Bedouin Pastoralist Groups in the Mashreq” project aims at improving the livelihoods of the pastoralist communities by increasing the capacities of local communities and stakeholders for rangeland management. The initiative was led by IUCN and implemented in Egypt, Jordan and Palestine. Implementation in Egypt was lead by CEDARE.
The main activities and results of the project included:
- Development of an environmental plan in partnership with the stakeholders, community representatives, and tribal leaders.
- Construction of two cisterns (reservoirs) for the storage of harvested water,
- Conducting two research studies on floral and vegetation covers titled "Natural Vegetation Cover of the Pilot Hema site at Wadi el Kassaba, North West Coast of Egypt” and “Forage Plants at Pilot Hema Site at Wadi el Kassaba, North West Coast of Egypt.”
- Two capacity building workshops on GAPs.
- Two awareness campaigns (one for women and one for men) on maximising the benefit from aromatic and medicinal plants were conducted.
Healthy Ecosystems for Rangeland Development (HERD): Sustainable Rangeland Management Strategies and Practices
HERD is funded by GEF Trust Fund, implemented by UNEP and executed by IUCN, to strengthen restoration and sustainable management of pastoral rangelands for the provision of ecosystem services and protection of biodiversity in Egypt and Jordan and catalyzing scale up regionally and globally. CEDARE and the Desert Research Center are jointly responsible for the implementation of the project in Egypt. The project duration is 48 months commencing in October 2017
Rangelands that are subject to land degradation are the object of management interventions under this project. The concept of HERD – Healthy Ecosystems for Rangeland Development – is being consolidated through this project on the back of numerous projects, programs, initiatives, studies, scientific articles and policy papers. HERD intervention focuses on Jordan and Egypt and on the specific issue of or land degradation in drylands, which affects pastoral rangelands in the two countries. It also serves as a ‘catalyst’ for scaling-up of HERD, both regionally and globally.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes the importance of supporting pastoral systems while also increasing productivity in the agriculture sector and simultaneously protecting biological diversity, managing waste, and reducing greenhouse gases. It thus provides an opportunity to work globally towards a holistic transformation. Sustainable Pastoralism is a means to deliver on the global 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals through monitoring SDG 15, Life on Land and its interlinkages with all the 17 SDGs.
Rangeland health is linked to the persistence of ecosystem function and, in general terms, healthy rangelands are those where their ecosystem services continue to produce the optimal range of benefits to
society. The optimal use of rangelands is something that needs ongoing negotiation. For this reason, governance is at the heart of this initiative.
HERD builds on the sustainable management of pastoral rangelands for the provision of ecosystem services and protection of biodiversity.
This will be achieved through the delivery of results-oriented project Outcomes, grouped under four Components that focus on: (1) Provision of evidence-based technical assistance; (2) Institutional strengthening for rangeland governance; (3) Up-scaling of good practices in Sustainable Rangeland Management (SRM); and (4) Promoting Sustainable Rangeland Management knowledge, at the global and regional levels.
HERD partners are IUCN, CEDARE, the Desert Research Center in Egypt, The Hashemite Fund for Development of Jordan Badia (HFDJB), GIZ – Jordan, Ministry of Environment in Jordan, the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD).