Khaled AbuZeid, CEDARE Water Resources Director, indicated during the panel discussion jointed by Brazil, SIWI, and Nepal on "Water as a Human Right" which was held on March 20th, 2018 at the 8th World Water Forum in Brazil, that water Scarcity, vulnerability and risks to transboundary waters, political unrest, war, terrorism, and human displacements are affecting the human right to water and sanitation in the Arab Region. He added that targeted subsidies, cross subsidies, proper volumetric metering, Public Private Partnership, effective regulators, and responsible consumer services, can enhance the realization of the human right to water and sanitation. "National Constitutions should include human right to Water and Sanitation among citizens’ rights", he alluded to. He said that Wastewater Reuse can provide an opportunity for financing sanitation services.
Joinded by representatives from Sudan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Arab Water Council and the league of Arab States, in a session on the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus organized on March 21st, 2018 at the 8th World Water Forum in Brasilia, CEDARE Water Resources Director, Dr. Khaled AbuZeid, indicated in his presentation on the Water Energy Food Nexus in the Arab Region that the Arab Countries import about 340 Billion Cubic Meters of Virtual Water embedded in their food imports. He concluded his speech by recommending that Policy decisions that are to be made in any of the water security, energy security, or food security fields should not be done in isolation but rather within a nexus approach. He concluded that WEF Nexus should consider the fit-for-purpose water use, the long term implications of using fossil reserves, the transboundary dimension of the WEF Nexus, the green water comparative advantage for food production, the optimization of virtual water trade, the measures needed to reduce food wastage, water wastage, and energy wastage, and the trade-offs between increasing water efficiency, increasing water recycling, and the corresponding energy needs.
CEDARE organized a session on the "Mediterranean Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation" on March 20th, 2018 during the 8th World Water Forum held in Brazil. The session was inagurated by a speech of Prince Albert II of Monaco. The sessions included speakers from CEDARE, Monaco, France, Spain, Palestine, and the Arab Water Council. CEDARE Water Director indicated that the session concluded that: National Laws and Legislations should embrace water related Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation measures, The Water Community need to communicate with the Climate Change Community, Water Management authorities and operators at all levels are encouraged to monitor their water and energy consumptions, in addition to water losses and leakages, and implement measures for adaptation and mitigation.
In the session organized on March 20th, 2018, by the Global Water Partnership on "Urban Water Governance" at the 8th World Water Forum in Brazil, Speakers from GWP, OECD, CEDARE, and India shared their views on the topic. CEDARE, Water Resources Director, Khaled AbuZeid, presented the "Alexandria 2030 Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) Strategic Plan". He indicated that it represents a model for Stakeholder Participation and Strategic Water Supply Options Analysis in Urban Water Planning for Smart Cities of the Future.
CEDARE represented by Dr. Khaled AbuZeid participated at the 8th World Water Forum (www.worldwaterforum8.org) held in Brasilia. In a session held on March 19th, 2018, discussing SDGs, Migration & Post Conflict Areas in the Arab Region, CEDARE, being part of the panel that included representatives from Lebanon, Palestine, and the League of Arab States, indicated that Wars, political unrest, and instability in the Arab Region caused a lot of Migration Volumes and destruction of water infrastructure in conflict zones putting pressure on water systems in countries of conflict, and neighboring countries receiving conflict-induced refugees. Dr. AbuZeid pointed out that the cost of achieving SDG6 in conflict countries and refugee-recipient countries is tremendously increasing and will require additional investment and special consideration. He highlighted that International law should pay due attention to transboundary basins riparian states taking advantage of political unrests situations in compromising shared water resources with infrastructure construction on shared rivers without the necessary consultation with potentially affected states.