CEDARE organized a session on the “Mediterranean Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation” on March 20th, 2018 during the 8th World Water Forum held in Brazil. The session was inagurated by a speech of Prince Albert II of Monaco. The sessions included speakers from CEDARE, Monaco, France, Spain, Palestine, and the Arab Water Council. CEDARE Water Director indicated that the session concluded that: National Laws and Legislations should embrace water related Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation measures, The Water Community need to communicate with the Climate Change Community, Water Management authorities and operators at all levels are encouraged to monitor their water and energy consumptions, in addition to water losses and leakages, and implement measures for adaptation and mitigation.
Mitigation Tools in the water sector, include leak detection, remote control meters, trenchless civil works, low emission vehicles, less transportation trips, use of renewable energy, feed-in generated renewable energy into national grids, Technology transfer and exchange of modern flood frequency measurement tools are encouraged, Given the uncertainty about projections of the impacts of climate change, it is important to implement climate-smart no-regret actions based on precautionary principles because the cost of inaction may be greater than the costs of adaptation or mitigation, Awareness and behavioral change is needed, and sometime traditional and indigenous solutions are less expensive than large investment projects, Allocating funds and Monitoring progress in adaptation and mitigation activities is important, Adaptation measures include Desalination & Wastewater Reuse, Cautious Groundwater Recharge with treated wastewater is an option but should avoid groundwater pollution potential, Water Demand Management, efficient use, and Storm water harvesting are recommended as adaptation options, Use of renewable energy in pumping and groundwater abstractions, Rainfall change need to be studied carefully and weather stations should be intensified, There is enough knowledge to make us concerned but there is a need to narrow down the uncertainty levels, Public Domain datasets of historical weather data are now available and could be retrieved but information about them should be disseminated, Development of a Mediterranean Regional Strategy for CC and Adaptation is essential, We should avoid negative adaptation measures where adaptation infrastructure may have other environmental impacts, Combining different levels of adaptation is important at national, regional, basin, and local community level, Produce a Mediterranean PCC Report, there is a need to consider CC impacts and adaptation beyond Mediterranean countries borders especially on Transboundary rivers originating out of the region, Adaptation plans have to be coupled with land use planning, The Mediterranean Region could also contribute to CC mitigation measures, which will also reduce pollution problems in the Mediterranean, there is a need to Study impact on Groundwater recharge, Local authorities and basin level Adaptation and mitigation initiatives are important and need to be supported, Embrace an integrated optimal water allocation of all types of water (blue water (surface & groundwater), green water, virtual water, recycled water, treated wastewater, desalinated water, …etc), The Region need to facilitate the access of the CC Adaptation Funds, Develop a Mediterranean Regional Map for CC indicators and vulnerability, Downscaling GCM to a RCM for jointly assessing CC impacts on Water in the Mediterranean Region and technology transfer on forecasting and prediction tools, Establish a Mediterranean Network of Meteorological Stations to improve Knowledge sharing & technology transfers on Climate Change Impacts observations, Establish a Mediterranean Sea Level Monitoring Network using Satellite linked floating stations, Assess CC Impacts on GW Recharge and Fossil GW abstractions impact on Climate and Hydrological Cycle, and that projects such as Solar Energy transfer from South to North Mediterranean should gain support.